Castellina and the Chianti Classico

Castellina in Chianti is located on a ridge between the valleys of the Arbia, Elsa and Pesa rivers. The municipality of Castellina is entirely within the Chianti Classico wine zone. The town is of Etruscan and Roman origin, and was a fife of the nobles of Trebbio in the 11 C and then an important Florentine garrison. Castellina became the seat of local government for the ancient Chianti League together with Radda and Gaiole in the 13 C, but in the 14 and 15 C raids and pillaging were common. The Florentines built the town walls between 1400 and 1402. The wall is dominated by the fortress and huge keep, the Rocca Comunale of Castellina, and is characterised by underground vaulted passages such as the Via delle Volte (see picture). The inhabited part of Castellina retains some of its 14 C character, and in the countryside there are many farmhouses from the era of the Grand Dukes of Florence and even earlier. Not far from the centre of Castellina there is a large Etruscan tomb which dates back to 6 C BC. The churches in the surrounding area are numerous and all interesting, particularly San Martino a Cispiano which has conserved most of its Romanesque features, including a beautiful apse and a single nave, and San Leonino in Conio which holds a Madonna and Child by Lorenzo di Bicci. The village of Fonterutoli, cited in a document from 998, has a long and interesting history.
We do recommend to visit also Greve in Chianti : this is the town where Giovanni Da Verrazzano (the italian explorer that first dicovered the New York Bay)  and Amerigo Vespucci (its first name is linked to the origin of the name "America") were born.

Chianti Classico
The expression Chianti Classico suggests the oldest and most genuine area in the Chianti region. As a matter of fact Chianti is a vast area in Tuscany and is divided into 7 sub-zones, each one producing its Chianti wine with a specific name and label.
Chianti Classico today  includes the 3 original areas (Castellina in Chianti, Gaiole in Chianti and Radda in Chianti), Greve n Chianti and part of the territory of Barberino Val d'Elsa, San Casciano in Val di Pesa and Tavarnelle Val di Pesa within the Province of Florence, and part of the territory of Castelnuovo Berardenga and Poggibonsi in the province of Siena.

Recommened Restaurant and Hotel

We do recommend to stay overnight and to eat at the restaurant located both at the Castello di Fonterutoli, in Castellina in Chianti. (see ontact in the winery)

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